CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11

These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11

Board CBSE
Class X
Subject Maths
Sample Paper Set Paper 10
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 11 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Maths is given below with free pdf download solutions.

Time allowed: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80 

 General Instructions

  • All questions are compulsory.
  • The question paper consists of 30 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
  • Section A contains 6 questions of 1 mark each. Section B contains 6 questions of 2 marks each. Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each. Section D contains 8 questions of 4 marks each.
  • There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in four questions of 3 marks each and three questions of 4 marks each. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
  • Use of calculators is not permitted.

Section – A

Question 1.
Write whether the rational number [latex]\frac { 7 }{ 75 } [/latex] will have a terminating decimal expansion or a non-terminating repeating decimal expansion.

Question 2.
Find the value (s) of k, if the quadratic equation 3x2 – k √3x + 4 = 0 has equal roots.

Question 3.
Find the eleventh term from the last term of the AP: 27, 23, 19,… ,- 65.

How do you round 214.0822 to the nearest tenth? … Hint: We are given a decimal number.

Question 4.
Find the coordinates of the point on y- axis which is nearest to the point (-2, 5).

Question 5.
In given figure, ST || RQ, PS = 3 cm and SR = 4 cm. Find the ratio of the area of ∆ PST to the area of ∆ PRQ.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 1

Question 6.
If cos A = [latex]\frac { 2 }{ 5 } [/latex] , find the value of 4 + 4 tan2 A.

Section – B

Question 7.
If two positive integers p and q are written as p = a2 b3 and q = a3 b; a, b are prime numbers, then verily: LCM (p, q) × HCF (p, q) = pq

Question 8.
The sum of first n terms of an AP is given by Sn = 2n2 + 3n. Find the sixteenth term of the A.P.

Question 9.
Find the value (s) of k for which the pair of linear equations kx + y = k2 and x + ky = 1 have infinitely many solutions.

Question 10.
If ( 1, [latex]\frac { p }{ 3 } [/latex] ) is the mid- point of the line segment joining the points (2,0) and ( 0, [latex]\frac { 2 }{ 9 } [/latex] ) then show that the line 5x + 3y + 2 = 0 passes through the point (-1 , 3p)

Question 11.
A box contains cards numbered 11 to 123. A card is drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that the number on the drawn card is

  1. a square number
  2. a multiple of 7.

To convert 10 11/16 to decimal you can use the long division method explained in our article fraction to decimal, which you can find in the header menu.

Question 12.
A box contains 12 balls of which some are red in colour. If 6 more red balls are put in the box and a ball is drawn at random, the probability of drawing a red ball doubles than what it was before. Find the number of red balls in the bag.

Section – C

Question 13.
Show that exactly one of the numbers n, n + 2 or n + 4 is divisible by 3.

Question 14.
Find all the zeroes of the polynomial 3x4 + 6x3 – 2x2 – 10x – 5 if two of its zeroes are √ [latex]\frac { 5 }{ 3 } [/latex] and – √ [latex]\frac { 5 }{ 3 } [/latex]

Question 15.
Seven times a two digit number is equal to four times the number obtained by reversing the order of its digits. Ifthe difference ofthe digits is 3, determine the number.

Question 16.
In what ratio does the x-axis divide the line segment joining the points (-4,-6) and (-1, 7)? Find the co-ordinates of the point of division.
OR
The points A (4, -2), B (7,2), C (0,9) and D (-3,5) form a parallelogram. Find the length of the altitude of the parallelogram on the base AB.

Question 17.
In given figure ∠1 = ∠2 and ∆NSQ = ∆MTR, then prove that ∆ PTS ~ PRQ
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 2
OR
In an equilateral triangle ABC, D is a point on the side BC such that BD = [latex]\frac { 1 }{ 3 } [/latex] BC. Prove that 9 AD2 = 7 AB2
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 3

Question 18.
In given figure XY and X’ Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’ Y’ at B. Prove that ∠ AOB = 90°.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 4

Question 19.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 5

Question 20.
In given figure ABPC is a quadrant of a circle ofradius 14 cm and a semicircle is drawn with BC as diameter. Find the area of the shaded region
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 6

Question 21.
Water in a canal, 6 m wide and 1.5m deep, is flowing with a speed of 10 km/h. How much area will it irrigate in 30 minutes, if 8 cm of standing water is needed?
OR
A cone of maximum size is carved out from a cube of edge 14 cm. Find the surface area of the remaining solid after the cone is carved out.

Question 22.
Find the mode of the following distribution of marks obtained by the students in an examination :

Marks obtained 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100
Number of students 15 18 21 29 17

Given the mean of the above distribution is 53, using empirical relationship estimate the value of its median.

Question 23.
A train travelling at a uniform speed for 360 km would have taken 48 minutes less to travel the same distance if its speed were 5 km/hour more. Find the original speed of the train.
OR
Check whether the equation 5x2 – 6x – 2 = 0 has real roots and if it has, find them by the method of completing the square. Also verify that roots obtained satisfy the given equation.

Question 24.
An AP consists of 3 7 terms. The sum of the three middle most terms is 225 and the sum of the last three terms is 429. Find the AP.

Question 25.
Show that in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
OR
Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of their corresponding sides.

Question 26.
Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B=45°, ∠A= 105°. 1 Then, construct a triangle whose sides are [latex]\frac { 4 }{ 3 } [/latex] times the corresponding sides of ∆ABC.

Question 27.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 7

Question 28.
The angles of depression of the top and bottom of a building 50 metres high as observed from the top of a tower are 30° and 60°, respectively. Find the height of the tower and also the horizontal distance between the building and the tower.

Question 29.
Two dairy owners A and B sell flavoured milk filled to capacity in mugs of negligible thickness, which are cylindrical in shape with a raised hemispherical bottom. The mugs are 14 cm high and have diameter of 7 cm as shown in given figure. Both A and B sell flavoured milk at the rate of ₹ 80 per litre. The dairy owner A uses the formula nrh to find the volume of milk in the mug and charges ₹ 43.12 for it. The dairy owner B is of the view that the price of actual quantity of milk should be charged. What according to him should be the price of one mug of milk? Which value is exhibited by the dairy owner B ? [ use π = [latex]\frac { 22 }{ 7 } [/latex] )
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 8

Question 30.
The following distribution shows the daily pocket allowance of children of a locality. The mean pocket allowance is ₹ 18. Find the missing frequency k.

Daily pocket allowance (in ₹) 11-13 13-15 15-17 17-19 19-21 21-23 23-25
Number of children 3 6 9 13 k 5 4

The following frequency distribution shows the distance (in metres) thrown by 68 students in a Javelin throw competition.

Distance (in m) 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70
Number of students 4 5 13 20 14 8 4

Draw a less than type O give for the given data and find the median distance thrown using this curve.

Solutions

Solution 1.
Non terminating repeating decimal expansion.

Solution 2.
k = ± 4

Solution 3.
a11 = -25

Solution 4.
(0,5)

Solution 5.
9 : 49

Solution 6.
4 + tan2 A = 4 sec2 A = 4 ( [latex]\frac { 5 }{ 2 } [/latex] ) 2 = 25

Solution 7.
LCM (p, q) = a3 b3
HC,F (p, q) = a2 b
LCM (p, q) × HCF (p, q) = a5 b4 = (a2 b3)
(a3 b) = pq

Solution 8.
Sn = 2n2 + 3n
S1 = 5 = a1
S2 = a1 + a2 = 14 ⇒ a2 = 9
d= a2 – a1 = 4
a16 = a1 + 15d = 5+ 15(4) = 65

Solution 9.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 9

Solution 10.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 10

Solution 11.

  1. P (square number) = [latex]\frac { 8 }{ 113 } [/latex]
  2. P (multiple of 7) = [latex]\frac { 16 }{ 113 } [/latex]

Solution 12.
Let number of red balls be = x
∴ P (red ball) = [latex]\frac { x }{ 12 } [/latex]
If 6 more red balls are added: The number of red balls = x + 6 P (red ball) = [latex]\frac { x+6 }{ 18 } [/latex]
Since, [latex]\frac { x+6 }{ 18 } [/latex] = 2 ( [latex]\frac { x }{ 12 } [/latex] ) ⇒ x = 3
There are 3 red balls in the bag.

Solution 13.
Let n = 3k, 3k + 1 or 3k+ 2.
(i) When n = 3k: n is divisible by 3.
n + 2 = 3k + 2 ⇒ n + 2 is not divisible by 3.
n + 4 = 3k + 4 = 3 (k + 1)+ 1 ⇒ n + 4 is not divisible by 3.

(ii) When n = 3k + 1: n is not divisible by 3.
n + 2 = (3k + 1) + 2 = 3k+ 3 = 3 (k+ 1) ⇒ n + 2 is divisible by 3.
n + 4 = (3k+ l) + 4 = 3k + 5 = 3(k+ 1) + 2 ⇒ n + 4isnotdivisibleby3.

(iii) When n = 3k + 2: n is not divisible by 3.
n + 2 = (3k+2) + 2 = 3k + 4 = 3(k+ 1)+ 1 ⇒ n + 2 is not divisible by 3.
n + 4 = (3k + 2)+ 4 = 3k+ 6 = 3(k + 2) ⇒ n + 4 is divisible by 3.
Hence exactly one of the numbers n, n + 2 or n + 4 is divisible by 3.

Solution 14.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 11
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 12

Solution 15.
Let the ten’s and the units digit be y and x respectively.
So,the number is 10 y + x.
The number when digits are reversed is 10 x + y.
Now, 7(10y+ x) = 4(10x + y) ⇒ 2y = x …( 1)
Also x – y3 …(ii)
Solving (1) and (2),we get y = 3 and x = 6.
Hence the number is 36.

Solution 16.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 13

Solution 17.
∠SQN = ∠TRM (CPCT as NSQ ≅ MTR)
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 14
Since, ∠P + ∠1 + ∠2 = ∠P + ∠PQR + ∠PRQ (Angle sum property)
⇒ ∠1 + ∠2 = ∠PQR + ∠PRQ
⇒ 2 ∠1 = 2 ∠PQR (as ∠1 = ∠2 and ∠PQR= ∠PRQ) ⇒ ∠1 = ∠PQR
Also ∠2 = ∠PRQ and ∠SPT = ∠QPR (common) ∆PTS ~ ∆PRQ (By AAA similarity criterion)
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 15

Solution 18.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 16

Solution 19.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 17
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 18

Solution 20.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 19

Solution 21.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 20
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 21

Solution 22.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 22

Solution 23.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 23
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 24

Solution 24.
Let the three middle most terms of the AP be a – d, a, a + d
We have, (a – d) +a + (a + d) = 225
⇒ 3 a = 225 ⇒ a = 75
Now, the AP is a – 18d,…,a – 2d, a – d, a, a + d,a + 2d,…,a + 18d
Sum of last three terms :
(a + 18d) + (a + 17d) + (a + 16d) = 429
⇒ 3a + 51 d = 429 ⇒ (a + 17d) = 143
⇒ 75 + 17d = 143 ⇒ d = 4
Now, first term = a – 18d = 75 – 18(4) = 3
∴ The AP is 3,7,11,…, 147.

Solution 25.
Given : A right triangle ABC right angled at B.
To prove : AC2 = AB2 + BC2
Construction : Draw BD ⊥ AC
Proof : In ∆ ADB and ∆ ABC
∠ADB = ∠ABC (each 90°)
∠BAD = ∠CAB (common)
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 25
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 26
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 27
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 28

Solution 26.
Draw ∆ABC in which BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105° and hence ∠C = 30°.
Construction of similar triangle A’ BC’ as shown below.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 29

Solution 27.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 30

Solution 28.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 31
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 32

Solution 29.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 33
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 34

Solution 30.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 35
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 36
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths Paper 11 37

We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths paper 11 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Maths paper 11, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics

UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics

Discrete Mathematics Long Answer Type Questions (8 Marks)

Question 1.
How are characters created by Binary Numbers? What are its different codes? Explain with examples. (UP 2011)
Answer:
Computer Code: Computer codes are used to convert data into binary form to make the computer understand it. Apart from this, they are responsible for error-free signal flow in the computer. Three popular computer codes are:
BCD (Binary Coded Decimal): It is one of the earliest developed (UPBoardSolutions.com) memory codes. In this, every digit is converted into binary form separately:
e.g.,
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 1
But four-bit code can handle only 24 = 16 dIfferent characters that are why it is extended to 6-bit code and It can handle 26 = 64 different characters. It is 6-bit code and divided into two parts i.e., zone bit and character code.
Zone bit consists of Z bits and character zone consists of 4 bits.
To understand more look at the table given below:

UP Board Solutions
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 2
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 3
EBCDIC (Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code): BCD can convert only 64 characters but we use more than 64 characters in computer to represent data. To overcome this problem, 2 more bits have been added to the zone bit to develop new 8-bit code and, that is why it is known as extended binary coded decimal interchange code. EBCDIC is 8- bit code which can encode 28 = 256 different characters. It is similar to BCD in working but it has 4 bits in bit zone. To understand more table is given below:

UP Board Solutions
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 4
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 5
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange): This code is the most popular and widely accepted computer code. It is the standard code for computers, developed by the American National Standards Institute in the year 1963 for (UPBoardSolutions.com) encoding different characters in the computer. It is used by almost every manufacturing company. ASCII codes are of two types:
(a) 7-bit Code: To encode 27 = 128 characters with 3 bits in zone bit and four in character zone.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 6
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 7
(b) 8-bit code: To encode 28 = 256 characters with 4 bits in bit zone and 4 bits in character zone.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 8
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 9

UP Board Solutions

What is 5/8 as a decimal you ask? Converting the fraction 5/8 into a decimal is very easy.

Question 2.
Define character representation in computers. (UP 2008)
Or
What is meant by “character representation”? Explain one such code in detail. (UP 2009)
Or
What is meant by character coding? Explain one coding methods in detail. (UP 2016)
Or
What is Character Representation? (UP 2018)
Answer:
Character Representation: Physical devices used to store and process data in computers are two-state devices. A switch, for example, is a two-state device. It can be either ON or OFF. Electronic devices such as transistors used in computers must function reliably when operated as switches. Thus, all data to be stored and processed in computers are transformed or coded as strings of two symbols, one symbol to represent each state.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 10
Coding of characters has been standardized to facilitate the exchange of recorded data between computers. The most popular standard is known as ASCII. Each letter is a unique combination of Binary Digits (BITS). That is, each letter (UPBoardSolutions.com) is a group of charged and uncharged transistors and it is grouped in such a way that a particular combination represents a specific character. A group of 8 BITS which is used to represent a character is called a byte. The length of 1 word is called word length which ranges from 1 byte to 64 bytes.
The internal code representation of string HARSH is:
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 11

UP Board Solutions

Question 3.
Explain the Number System.
Answer:
Number System: Number systems are very important to understand because the design and organization of a computer system depend on it.
Number systems are basically of two types:
1. Non-positional Number System: In this number system, each symbol represents the same value regardless of its position in the number and the symbols are simply added to find out the value of a particular number. Since it is very difficult to perform arithmetical operations with such a number system, positional number systems have been developed.

2. Positional Number System: In a positional number system, there are only a few symbols (UPBoardSolutions.com) called digits, and these symbols represent different values depending on the position they occupy in the number.

The value of each digit in such a number is determined by three considerations :

  1. The digit itself
    Face Value: The face value of a digit always remains the same regardless of its position in the number, e.g., the face value of 4 in 554, 40567 etc. is 4.
  2. The position of the digit in the number.
    Place Value: Place value of a digit changes due to change in its position, e.g., place value of 2 in 4210 is 2 hundred, in 32,450 it is 2 thousand, etc.
  3. The base of the number system (where the base is defined as the total number of digits available in the number system), e.g., Decimal number system has base 10 since it includes only 10 digits 0, 1, 2, ….., 9, to represent any number.

UP Board Solutions

The various positional systems in use are:

  1. Binary number system
  2. Octal number system
  3. Decimal number system
  4. Hexadecimal number system.

Convert fraction 6 and 1/2 to decimal. What is 6 1/2 as a decimal? Answer: 6.5.

Question 4.
What are the logical operators? What are their different types? Explain operators making their Truth Table. (UP 2007, 08, 10)
Answer:
Logical Operators: AND, OR, and NOT are logical operators. Since these operators are operated on logical values 0 and 1, that is why these operators are called logical operators.

AND Operator: An AND operator is represented by the symbol ‘.’. Basically AND operator is used to performing logical multiplication. A, B, and C are three logical variables, where A, B, are input variables and C is the output variable. We can define the AND operator by listing all possible combinations of A and B and the resulting value of C in the operation A.B = C.

It may be noted that since the variables A and B can have only two possible values (0 or 1) so only four (22) combinations of inputs are possible as shown in the following table. The resulting output values for each of the four input combinations (UPBoardSolutions.com) are given in the table. Such a table is known as the truth table. Thus, the table is the truth table for the logical AND operator.

UP Board Solutions
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 12
As we can observe from the truth table that in AND operation, the output will be 1 when all inputs are 1 else output will be 0.
OR Operator: An OR operator is represented by the symbol V. Basically an OR operator is used to perform logical addition. As in the previous example, A and B are input variables and C its output variable. We can define the OR operator by listing all possible combinations of A and B and the resulting value of C in the equation A + B = C. The truth table for Logical OR operator is shown in the following Table:
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 13
As we can observe from the truth table that in logical addition, the output will be 1 when any one input is 1. It means if all inputs are 0 then the output will be 0.

NOT Operator: The two operators (AND and OR) are binary operators because they operate on two variables. NOT operator denoted by is a Unary operator because it operates on a single variable. NOT operator is also known as complementation operator or inverse operator.
Thus, complement of A is [latex]\bar { A } [/latex]. Complement of (A + B) is [latex]\bar { (A+B } )[/latex]. If value
of [latex]\bar { A } [/latex] is 0 then value of A is 1 and if value of A is 1 then value of [latex]\bar { A } [/latex] is 0. (UPBoardSolutions.com) The truth table for logical NOT operator is shown in table.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 14

Question 5.
Write about the postulates of Boolean Algebra.
Answer:
Postulates of Boolean Algebra: Boolean Algebra is an algebraic structure defined on a set of elements B together with two binary operators + and . provided the following postulates are satisfied:
(1) (a) Closure with respect to the operator +
(b) Closure with respect to the operator.

UP Board Solutions

(2) (a) An identity element with respect to +, designated by
0 : X + 0 = 0 + X = X.
(b) An identify element with respect to designated by
1 : X . 1 = 1 . X = X.

(3) (a) Commutative with respect to + : X + Y = Y + X
(b) Commutative with respect to . : X . Y = Y . X

(4) (a) . is distributive over : : X . (Y + Z) = (X . Y) + (X . Z)
(b) + is distributive over . : X + (Y . Z) = (X + Y) . (X + Z)

(5) For every element X ∈ B, there exists an element [latex]\bar { X } [/latex] ∈ B such that:
(a) X × [latex]\bar { X } [/latex] = 1
(b) X . [latex]\bar { X } [/latex] = 0
The postulates listed above are called Huntington (1904) Postulates and need (UPBoardSolutions.com) no proof. They are used to prove the theorems of Boolean Algebra.

Question 6.
What are the different Gates in Boolean Algebra? (UP 2004, 05, 07)
Or
What is ‘Truth Table’? How is it helpful in understanding GATES? (UP 2006)
Or
Explain the working of a NAND Gate. Give its two application. (UP 2009, 10)
Or
How can you show that NAND is a Universal Gate? Explain with diagrams and truth tables. (UP 2011, 19)
Answer:
Truth Table: A table that shows all the input-output possibilities of a logic circuit is called a truth table.
There are several types of the truth table. AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR, XNOR Gates are described below:
(a) AND Gate: In English language, Input A is ANDed with Input B to get output Y.

UP Board Solutions
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 15
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 16
The truth table illustrates four ways to express the logical ANDing of A and B.
The AND Gate works on the principle that output will be high when all the inputs (UPBoardSolutions.com) are high otherwise output will be low.

(b) OR Gate: In OR Gate, input A is ORed with input B to get output Y.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 17
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 18
The OR Gate works on the principle that, if anyone input is high, the output will be high. Thus, the only case when output will be low is when all inputs are low i.e., 0.

(c) NOT Gate: The NOT Gate is an electronic circuit that generates an output signal which is the reverse of the input signal. A NOT gate is also known as an inverter because it inverts the input.

UP Board Solutions
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 19
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 20

(d) NAND Gate: A NAND Gate is a complemented AND gate. That is, the output of NAND Gate will be 1 if anyone of the inputs is 0 and will be 0 when all the inputs are 1.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 21
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 22

(e) NOR Gate: A NOR Gate is a complemented OR Gate. That is, the output of a NOR Gate will be 1 only when all inputs are 0 and will be 0 if any input represents a 1.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 23
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 24

(f) XOR Gate (Exclusive-OR Gate): XOR Gate is a combination of AND, OR, and NOT (UPBoardSolutions.com) Gates. symbol denotes XOR operation. This Gate works on the principle that if an odd number of inputs are 1, the output will be 1 otherwise output will be 0.

UP Board Solutions
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 25
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 26
As observed from the truth table, the output is 1 when odd numbers of inputs are 1.

(g) XNOR Gate (Exclusive-NOR Gate): Similarly, XNOR gate is also formed with a combination of AND, OR, and NOT gates. symbol denotes XNOR operation. Since this gate is the inverse of XOR gate, the output will be 0 when odd numbers of inputs are 1 otherwise output will be 1.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 27
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 28

UP Board Solutions

Question 7.
Explain the basic features of ASCII Code. (UP 2005, 08, 09, 10)
Or
Explain in detail the features of the ASCII character code. (UP 2007)
Answer:
ASCII: Binary numbers are coded to represent characters in the computer memory. Several codes are used for this purpose. One most commonly used code is the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII). ASCII has been adopted by several American computer manufacturers as their computer’s internal code. This code is popular in data communications, is used (UPBoardSolutions.com) almost exclusively to represent data internally in microcomputers, and is frequently found in the larger computers produced by some vendors.

ASCII is of two types: ASCII-7 and ASCII-8. ASCII-7 is a 7-bit code that represents 128 (27) different characters.
ASCII-8 is an extended version of ASCII-7. It is an 8-bit code that represents 256 (28) different characters rather than 128.
e.g. (i) A is given ASCII code 65.

Now if we convert 65 into Binary form we get 01000001 → 1 byte
In the same way, every character has its own ASCII value after converting into binary code stored on the computer.

Question 8.
Describe various Binary Arithmetic Operations. (UP 2008, 09, 11)
Or
What is binary arithmetic? Explain with suitable example. (UP 2017)
Answer:
Four basic arithmetic operations are performed inside a computer using binary numbers. These are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Since binary numbers are made up of 0’s and 1’s, results of arithmetic operations are also in 0’s and 1’s only.

Binary Addition: Binary addition is performed in the same manner as decimal addition. However the binary system has only two digits, the addition table for binary arithmetic is very simple, consisting of only four entries. The complete table for binary addition is as follows:
0 + 0 = 0
0 + 1 = 1
1 + 0 = 1
1 + 1 = 0

UP Board Solutions

Plus a carry of 1 to next higher column. Carryovers are performed in the same manner as in decimal arithmetic. Since 1 is the largest digit in the binary system, any sum greater than 1 requires that a digit be carried over.
Example:
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 29
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 30
Binary Subtraction: From the following table, it is clear that the lower digit is subtracted (UPBoardSolutions.com) from the upper digit. If the lower digit is larger than the upper digit, it is necessary to borrow from the column to the left which equals to 2 (10).
0 – 0 = 0
1 – 0 = 1
1 – 1 = 0
0 – 1 = 1
with borrow from the next column. Thus, the only case in which it is necessary to borrow is when 1 is subtracted from 0.
Example
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 31
Binary Multiplication: Multiplication in the binary system also follows the same general rules as decimal multiplication. The table for binary multiplication is as follows:
0 × 0 = 0
0 × 1 = 0
1 × 0 = 0
1 × 1 = 1
Example:
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 32

UP Board Solutions
Binary Division: Binary division is, again, very simple. As in the decimal system (or in any other system), division by zero is meaningless, here too. Hence, the complete table for the binary division is as follows:
0/1 = 0
1/1 = 1
The division process is performed in a manner similar to the decimal division.
Example:
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 33

Discrete Mathematics Short Answer Type Questions (4 Marks)

Question 1.
What is the order of precedence in Boolean Algebra? (UP 2007, 09, 19)
Answer:
In a Boolean expression, many operators are used. The order in which they are operated is known as precedence. The precedence of Boolean operators is as follows:

  1. The expression is scanned from left to right.
  2. Expressions enclosed within parentheses are evaluated first.
  3. All complement (NOT) operations are performed next.
  4. All ‘.’ (AND) operations are performed after that.
  5. Finally, all ‘+’ (OR) operations are performed in the end.

UP Board Solutions

Question 2.
Define the Principal of Quality. (UP 2016)
Answer:
The Huntington Postulates have been listed in two parts: (a) and (b). One part may be obtained from the other if ‘+’ is interchanged ‘+’ with ‘.’ and ‘0’ in interchanged with ‘1’ and vice-versa. This important property of Boolean Algebra (UPBoardSolutions.com) is called Principle of Quality. This principle ensures that, if a theorem is proved using the postulates, then a dual theorem obtained interchanging ‘+’ with ‘.’ and ‘0’ with ‘1’ automatically holds and need not be proved separately.
The table below lists theorems and their corresponding dual theorems.
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 34

Question 3.
Write a note on De Morgan’s Theorems to prove it.
Answer:
Theorem (a): De Morgan’s Theorems: (x + y)’ = x’. y’
Proof: The truth table for proving this theorem is given below:
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 35
From the truth table, it is clear that both sides of the theorem are equal. Hence, the theorem is proved.
Theorem (b): (x + y)’ = x’ + y’
Proof: The truth table for proving this theorem is given below:
UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics 36

UP Board Solutions
From the truth table, It is clear that both sides of the theorem are equal. Hence, the theorem is proved.
Theorems 6(a) and 6(b) are very important and useful. They are known as De Morgan’s theorems. They can be extended to n variables as given below:
(X1 + X2 + X3 + ………. + Xn)’ = X1‘ . X2‘ . X3‘ …….. Xn
(X1 . X2 . X3. …… Xn)’ = X1‘ + X’2 + X3‘ + ……….. + Xn

Question 4.
Write AND and OR LAWS of Discrete mathematics.
Answer:
AND LAWS: AND LAWS are the laws which work on logical multiplication. They are:
1. x . 1 = x
2. x . x’ = 0
3. x . x = x
4. x . 0 = 0
“The tabular representations of truth values of a compound statement based on the truth values of the prime connective ness of statements is called TRUTH TABLE.”
Truth table consists of horizontal lines (rows) and vertical lines (columns). If a compound statement consists of N statements, the number of rows will be 2^N. The number of columns in a truth table depends upon the number of relationships between these statements.

Discrete Mathematics Very Short Answer Type Questions (2 Marks)

Question 1.
Discuss De-Morgan’s Theorem. (UP 2014)
Answer:
First Theorem: This theorem states that the complement of a sum of the binary variable is equal to the product of the complement of the binary variables.
Second Theorem: The theorem states that the complement of a product of binary (UPBoardSolutions.com) variable is equal to the sum of the complement of the binary variable

Question 2.
What is the full form of ASCII? (UP 2014)
Answer:
The full form of ASGII is American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Question 3.
If A = 0 and B = 1, then find the value of y from the following expression:
Y = (A . B)
Answer:
Y = [latex]\bar { (0.1 } )[/latex] = [latex]\bar { (0 } )[/latex] = 1

UP Board Solutions

Question 4.
Give the name of the Boolean operators. (UP 2014)
Answer:
AND Operator, Or operator and NOT operator.

Question 5.
Write a full form of EBCDIC. (UP 2017)
Answer:
Extended Binay Coded Decimal Interchange Code.

Discrete Mathematics Objective Type Questions (1 Marks)

There are four alternative answers for each part of the questions. Select the (UPBoardSolutions.com) correct one and write in your answer book:

Question 1.
Each letter is a unique combination of:
(a) Bits
(b) Bytes
(c) Word length
(d) Binary.
Answer:
(a) Bits

Question 2.
A group of 8 bits which is used to represent a character is called :
(a) Bits
(b) Bytes
(c) Integer
(d) None of these.
Answer:
(b) Bytes

UP Board Solutions

Question 3.
The most popular standard is known as:
(a) BCD
(b) ABC
(c) ASC
(d) ASCII
Answer:
(d) ASCII

Question 4.
In the hexadecimal number system, the base :
(a) 8
(b) 10
(c) 16
(d) None of these.
Answer:
(c) 16

Question 5.
The binay equivalent of the number (15)10. (UP 2014)
(a) (1101)
(b) (1110)2
(c) (1111)2
(d) (1000)2.
Answer:
(a) (1101)

UP Board Solutions

Question 6.
Which logic gate has only one input and one output? (UP 2015)
(a) NOT
(b) NOR
(c) OR
(d) AND.
Answer:
(a) NOT

Question 7.
The value of the binary number (1010)2 would be?
(a) (14)10
(b) (12)10
(c) (10)10
(d) (11)10
Answer:
(c) (10)10

Question 8.
What is binary equivalent of [31]10. (UP 2017)
(a) 10000
(b) 11111
(c) 100000
(d) 11110.
Answer:
(b) 11111

UP Board Solutions

Question 9.
Which of the following is a single input logic gate? (UP 2018)
(a) NAND
(b) AND
(c) NOT
(d) NOR.
Answer:
(c) NOT

UP Board Solutions for Class 10 Computer Science

UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ

UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ

These Solutions are part of UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths. Here we have given UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ.

Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions Calculator solved by our expert teachers.

Step-by-step explanation: Writing 1/8 as a decimal using the division method.

परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ

अभ्यास 1(a)

प्रश्न 1.
सरल कीजिए
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-1

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 2.
संख्या-रेखा की सहायता से सरल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-2
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-3

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
हर का ल०स० लेकर सरल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-4

प्रश्न 4.
मान ज्ञात कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-5

अभ्यास 1 (b)

1 decimal equals to 535.6 sq. feet or 405057 m2. … It is approximately equal to 1/100 acre.

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित कथनों में सत्य/असत्य बताइए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-6

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं को जोड़कर बताइए कि योगफल परिमेय संख्या है अथवा नहीं:
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-7
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-8

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
दोनों पक्षों को हल करके सत्यापित कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-9
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-10
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-11

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 4.
यदि A और B दो परिमेय संख्याएँ हों और A+B= [latex]\frac { -15 }{ 11 } [/latex] हो, तो B + A का मान ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-12

प्रश्न 5.
निम्नांकित रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए (पूर्ति करके) –
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-13

प्रश्न 6.
सरल कीजिए
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-14

UP Board Solutions

Factors of 24 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24.

प्रश्न 7.
निम्नांकित को योग की संक्रिया के प्रगुणों का प्रयोग करके हल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-15

अभ्यास 1 (c)

प्रश्न 1.
हल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-16
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-17

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नांकितं को संख्या रेखा की सहायता से सरल करके परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-18
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-19

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
इन्हें अभ्यास पुस्तिका में लिखकर रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए (पूर्ति करके)
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-20

प्रश्न 4.
(i) [latex]\frac { 6 }{ 7 } [/latex] में कौन-सी संख्या जोड़े कि योग [latex]\left( \frac { -2 }{ 9 } \right) [/latex] हो जाए?
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-21

(ii) [latex]\left( \frac { -7 }{ 12 } \right) [/latex] में कितना जोड़े कि योगफल [latex]\frac { 25 }{ 36 }[/latex]  हो जाए?
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-22

प्रश्न 5.
दो परिमेय संख्याओं का योगफल -5 है। इनमें से एक संख्या [latex]\left( \frac { -16 }{ 7 } \right) [/latex] है, तो दूसरी संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-23

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 6.
सरल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-24

प्रश्न 7.
निम्नांकित में से कौन से कथन सत्य हैं? (सत्य बताकर) –
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-25

अभ्यास 1 (d)

प्रश्न 1.
हेल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-26

प्रश्न 2.
गुणा कीजिए :
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-27
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-28

अभ्यास 1 (e)

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित कथनों में से सत्य कथन चुनिए (सत्य कथन चुनकर) –
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-29

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नांकित कथनों को गुणा की क्रिया करके सत्यापित कीजिए
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-30
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-31

प्रश्न 3.
निम्नांकित में रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति अपनी अभ्यास पुस्तिका में कीजिए और प्रत्येक कथन के आगे संबंधित प्रगुण का नाम भी लिखिए (रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति एवं प्रगुण का नाम लिखकर) –
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-32

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 4.
सरल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-33

अभ्यास 1 (f)

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित कथनों के सम्मुख सत्य या असत्य जो सही हो लिखिएः (सत्य-असत्य अंकित करके) –
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-34

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नांकित को अपनी अभ्यास पुस्तिका पर उतार कर रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए (पूर्ति करके)-
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-35

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
प्रत्येक स्थिति में x का मान बताइएः
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-36
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-37

प्रश्न 4.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं के योगात्मक प्रतिलोम बताइए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-38

प्रश्न 5.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं के गुणात्मक प्रतिलोम ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-39

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 6.
सरल कीजिए : [latex](-32)\times (\frac { 5 }{ -14 } )\times (\frac { 3 }{ -20 } )\times 0\times (\frac { -13 }{ 5 } )[/latex]
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-40

अभ्यास 1 (g)

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित युग्मों में से प्रथम संख्या में दूसरी संख्या से भाग दीजिए।
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-41
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-42
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-43

प्रश्न 2.
भाग की क्रिया करके बताइए कि निम्नांकित कथन सत्य हैं या असत्य (बताकर) :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-44
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-45
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-46

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
रल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-47

प्रश्न 4.
दो परिमेय संख्याओं का गुणनफल [latex]\left( \frac { -6 }{ 7 } \right) [/latex] है, यदि इनमें से एक संख्या [latex]\left( \frac { -8 }{ 5 } \right) [/latex] है, तो दूसरी संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-48

प्रश्न 5.
दो परिमेय संख्याओं का गुणनफल [latex]\left( \frac { -5 }{ 6 } \right) [/latex] है, यदि इनमें से एक संख्या [latex]\left( \frac { -7 }{ 12 } \right) [/latex] है, तो दूसरी संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-49

प्रश्न 6.
[latex]\left( \frac { -4 }{ 9 } \right) [/latex]को किस संख्या से गुणा करें कि गुणनफल (-1) प्राप्त हो
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-50
प्रश्न 7.
[latex]\frac { 8 }{ 9 } [/latex] को किस संख्या से गुणा करें कि गुणनफल [latex]\left( \frac { -16 }{ 28 } \right) [/latex] प्राप्त हो
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-51

दक्षता अभ्यास -1(A)

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित को सरल करके परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-52
प्रश्न 2.
[latex]\left( \frac { -12 }{ 7 } \right) [/latex] और [latex]\frac { 13 }{ 5 } [/latex] के योगफल को उनके अंतर से गुणो कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-53

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
[latex]\left( \frac { 1 }{ -2 } \right) [/latex] और [latex]\left( \frac { -3 }{ 7 } \right) [/latex] के योगफल को उनके गुणनफल से भाग दीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-54

प्रश्न 4.
अपनी अभ्यास पुस्तिका में निम्नांकित कथनों के आगे सत्य/असत्य अंकित कीजिए-
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-55

अभ्यास 1 (h)

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं के निरपेक्ष मान ज्ञात कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-56

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 2.
सरल कीजिए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-57

उत्तर को सही विकल्प अपनी अभ्यास पुस्तिका में लिखिए :

प्रश्न 3.
यदि x =[latex]-\frac { 1 }{ 2 } [/latex] और y = [latex]\frac { 3 }{ 4 } [/latex], तो [latex]\left| x \right| +\left| y \right| [/latex] का मान है :
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-58
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-59

प्रश्न 4.
[latex]\left| -\left( \frac { 3 }{ -7 } \right) \right| [/latex] का मान है :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-60

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प्रश्न 5.
यदि x = [latex]\frac { -5 }{ 7 } [/latex] और y = [latex]\frac { 3 }{ 4 } [/latex] तो [latex]\left| x \right| +\left| y \right| [/latex] का मान है :
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-61
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-62

प्रश्न 6.
परिमेय संख्याओं [latex]\frac { -5 }{ 7 } [/latex] और [latex]\frac { -5 }{ -7 } [/latex] का निरपेक्ष मान है :
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-63
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-64

प्रश्न 7.
अपनी अभ्यास पुस्तिका में उतारकर प्रत्येक वर्ग में उपयुक्त चिह्न >, =, < लगाइए :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-65
प्रश्न 8.
यदि x= [latex]\frac { 5 }{ 9 } [/latex], y= [latex]\frac { 2 }{ 3 } [/latex] तो दिखाइए कि :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-66

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प्रश्न 9.

यदि x=[latex]\frac { 15 }{ 13 } [/latex], y=[latex]\frac { -2 }{ 11 } [/latex] तो दिखाइए कि :
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-67
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-68
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-69

प्रश्न 10.
ऐसी दो परिमेय संख्याओं को ज्ञात कीजिए जिनका निरपेक्ष मान [latex]\frac { 1 }{ 2 } [/latex] है।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-70

अभ्यास 1 (i)

अपनी अभ्यास पुस्तिका में प्रश्न 1 और 2 में सही विकल्प चुनिएः

प्रश्न 1.
-1 और -3 के ठीक बीच की परिमेय संख्या है :
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-71

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 2.
-3 और 4 के ठीक बीच स्थित परिमेय संख्या है :
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-72
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-73

प्रश्न 3.
-1 और 1 के बीच की परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-74

प्रश्न 4.
[latex]\frac { 1 }{ 3 } [/latex] और [latex]\frac { 1 }{ 2 } [/latex] के बीच की परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-75

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 5.
[latex]\frac { -7 }{ 8 } [/latex] और [latex]\frac { 7 }{ 8 } [/latex] के ठीक बीच की परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-76

प्रश्न 6.
[latex]-\frac { 3 }{ 5 } [/latex] और [latex]\frac { 8 }{ 3 } [/latex] के ठीक बीच की परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-77

प्रश्न 7.
[latex]-\frac { 5 }{ 4 } [/latex] और [latex]-\frac { 1 }{ 6 } [/latex] के ठीक बीच की परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-78

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 8.
[latex]1\frac { 3 }{ 4 } [/latex] और [latex]4\frac { 3 }{ 8 } [/latex] के ठीक बीच की परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-79

प्रश्न 9.
[latex]-1\frac { 2 }{ 7 } [/latex] और [latex]\frac { 9 }{ 2 } [/latex] के ठीक बीच की परिमेय संख्या ज्ञात कीजिए।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-80

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 10.
[latex]\frac { 1 }{ 2 } \left( \frac { -2 }{ 3 } +\frac { 1 }{ 4 } \right) [/latex] को परिमेय संख्या [latex]\frac { p }{ q } [/latex] के रूप में व्यक्त कीजिए और दिखाइए कि यह परिमेय संख्या [latex]\frac { -2 }{ 3 } [/latex] और [latex]\frac { 1 }{ 4 } [/latex] के बीच स्थित है।
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-81

अभ्यास 1 (j)

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं को दशमलव रूप में व्यक्त कीजिए :
[latex]\frac { 11 }{ 3 } [/latex], [latex]\frac { 17 }{ 5 } [/latex], [latex]\frac { 19 }{ 6 } [/latex], [latex]\frac { 3 }{ 8 } [/latex]
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-82
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-83

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नांकित संख्याओं को दशमलव रूप में बदलिएः
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-84

प्रश्न 3.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं में से कौन-कौन सी संख्याओं को सांत दशमलव में निरूपित किया जा सकता है?
[latex]\frac { 1 }{ 4 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { 11 }{ 8 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { -27 }{ 4 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { -33 }{ 10 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { 2 }{ 7 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { 6 }{ 15 } [/latex]
उत्तर
सांत दशमलव में व्यक्त होने वाली परिमेय संख्याओं के हरों के अभाज्य गुणनफल केवल 2 या 5 (या दोनों) होते हैं तथा अन्य सभी अभाज्य गुणनखंड वाले असांत आवर्ती दशमलव होते हैं।
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-85

प्रश्न 4.
[latex]\frac { 1 }{ 2 } +\frac { 1 }{ 3 } +\frac { 1 }{ 5 } [/latex] के योगफल को यदि दशमलव में बदलें तो यह सांत होगा अथवा असांत?
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-86

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प्रश्न 5.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं में से किस-किस का सांत दशमलव संख्या में निरूपण नहीं हो सकता?
[latex]\frac { 24 }{ 7 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { 5 }{ 6 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { 7 }{ 15 } [/latex] ,[latex]\frac { 3 }{ 7 } [/latex] ,[latex]5\frac { 3 }{ 4 } [/latex]
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-87
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-88
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-89

प्रश्न 6.
अपनी अभ्यास पुस्तिका में निम्नांकित कथना के सम्मुख सत्य के लिए (✓) और असत्य के लिए (✗) के चिह्न लगाइए (लगाकर)
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-90

अभ्यास 1 (k)

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नांकित दशमलव संख्याओं को परिमेय संख्या है के रूप में व्यक्त कीजिए।
0.35, 0.750, 2.15, 7.010, 10.10, 0.015, 1.05, 2.25
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-91

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नांकित दशमलव संख्याओं भिन्नों को परिमेय संख्या है के रूप में व्यक्त कीजिएः
2.25, 10.5, 8.625, 16.375
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-92

दक्षता अभ्यास -1 (B)

प्रश्न 1.
यदि x=[latex]-\frac { 3 }{ 5 } [/latex], y=[latex]-\frac { 4 }{ 7 } [/latex] तो दिखाइए कि –
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-93
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-94
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-95
प्रश्न 2.
उन सभी परिमेय संख्याओं को ज्ञात कीजिए जिनका निरपेक्ष मान ई है।
उत्तर
[latex]\frac { 5 }{ 6 } [/latex] ,[latex]-\frac { 5 }{ 6 } [/latex] का निरपेक्ष मान[latex]\frac { 5 }{ 6 } [/latex] है

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
उस परिमेय संख्या को ज्ञात कीजिए जिनका निरपेक्ष मान शून्य है।
उत्तर
0 का निरपेक्ष मान शून्य है।

प्रश्न 4.
निम्नांकित में से कौन-कौन सी. ऐसी परिमेय संख्याएँ हैं, जिन्हें सांत दशमलव में व्यक्त किया जा सकता है?
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-96

प्रश्न 5.
निम्नांकित में किन-किन परिमेय संख्याओं को असांत आवर्ती दशमलव मैं निरूपित किया जा सकता है
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-97
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-98

UP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 6.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं को सांत या असांत दशमलव संख्या में व्यक्त कीजिए –
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-99

प्रश्न 7.
निम्नांकित परिमेय संख्याओं को भिन्न में बदलिए –
(i) 0.015 (ii) 0.84 (ii) 12.625
उत्तर
UP Board Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 परिमेय संख्याओं पर संक्रियाएँ img-100

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UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput

UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput

These Solutions are part of UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English. Here we have given UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput.

Gulliver in Lilliput

TRANSLATION OF THE LESSON (पाठ का हिन्दी अनुवाद)

Once, there……………………………with them.
हिन्दी अनुवाद – एक नाविक था जिसका नाम गुलीवर था। वह अपने साथियों के थ एक लम्बी समुद्री यात्रा पर निकला। एक दिन समुद्र में भयानक तूफान आया।

उसका जहाज डूब गया परन्तु गुलीवर तैरकर पास ही एक द्वीप पर पहुँच गया। वह लिलिपुट द्वीप था। जब वह वहाँ पहुँचा, वह बहुत थक गया था। जल्दी ही वह गहरी नींद में सो गया। (UPBoardSolutions.com) जब वह सोया हुआ था, तब सैकड़ों छोटे-छोटे लोग वहाँ आए और उन्होंने उसे रस्सियों से बाँध दिया। जब वह उठा तब इतने छोटे-छोटे लोगों को देखकर आश्चर्यचकित हुआ। जल्दी ही वह उनका मित्र बन गया।

UP Board Solutions

They untied………………………………..’Good Bye’.
हिन्दी अनुवाद – उन्होंने रस्सियाँ खोल दी और उसे भोजन दिया। उनकी रोटियाँ इतनी छोटी थीं कि वह एक साथ दस रोटियाँ खो गया। दोपहर के भोजन में उसने हज़ार रोटियाँ, सौ फूलगोमियाँ और सौ भेड़ें खाईं।

छोटे लोग उसे अपने राजा और रानी के पास ले गए। राजा का हाथ इतना छोटा था कि गुलीवर ने हाथ मिलाने के लिए अपनी केवल एक उँगली का प्रयोग किया। प्रत्येक वस्तु वहाँ इतनी छोटी थी कि वह लिलिपुट के ओटे-छोटे लोगों के बीच एक विशाल राक्षस की भाँति प्रतीत होता था। वे छोटे लोग बहुत दयालु और सहायक थे। उन्होंने उसके लिए एक नांव बनाई। गुलीवर के घर जाने का समय आ गया।

वह अपने प्रिय मित्रों से दूर जाने से बहुत उदास था। वह अपनी नाव में बैठा और यात्रा पर निकल पड़ा और छोटे-छोटे लोगों ने हाथ हिलाकर उसे ‘अलविदा’ कहा।

EXERCISE (अभ्यास)

Comprehension Questions

Question 1.
Answer the following questions :
Answer:
Question a.
What was the name of the sailor?
Answer:
The sailor’s name was Gulliver.

UP Board Solutions

Question b.
Name the island Gulliver reached after the storm.
Answer:
Lilliput.

Question c.
What were the people of Lilliput like?
Answer:
The people of Lilliput were very tiny but they proved out to be very kind and helpful.

Question d.
What did Gulliver eat for lunch?
Answer:
Gulliver ate a thousand loaves of bread, a hundred cauliflowers and a hundred sheep for lunch.

Question e.
According to you, what was the funniest thing about the people of Lilliput?
Answer:
The Lilliputians were so tiny as compared to the giant-sized Gulliver, yet they thought that their thread-like ropes could hold Gulliver for long. If was the funniest thing about them.

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Question 2.
Correct the following sentences and rewrite them :
Answer:
Question a.
Gulliver was a pilot.
Answer:
Gulliver was a sailor.

Question b.
Gulliver tied the tiny people.
Answer:
The tiny people tied Gulliver.

Question c.
The tiny people were not helpful.
Answer:
The tiny people were helpful.

UP Board Solutions

Question d.
The king made a boat for Gulliver.
Answer:
The tiny people made a boat for Gulliver.

Word Power

Question 1.
Words having the same pronunciation but different meanings are called homophones. Use the following homophones in sentences of your own to bring out the difference in meaning :
Answer:
UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput img-1
UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput img-2

Language Practice

Question 1.
Frame questions for the statements using what, when, why and where. One is done for you:
Answer:
UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput img-3

Question 2.
Read the following passage and answer the given questions :
There was a parrot named Mitthu. Mitthu loved to eat green chillies. It loved to fly. It had beautiful green feathers and a red beak.

Question 1.
What was the name of the parrot?
Answer:
Its name was Mitthu.

UP Board Solutions

Question 2.
What did it love to eat?
Answer:
It loved to eat green chillies.

Question 3.
What was the colour of its beak?
Answer:
Red colour.

Activity

“Making a Cup of Tea”

Complete the composition with the help of the words given in the box:
UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput img-4
Pour water in a kettle. Place the kettle on the stove. When the water boils, add tea-leaves to it. Now add milk and let it boil. Add sugar and boil for few more minutes. Now the tea is ready to serve. Take a strainer and pour the tea into the cup. Now enjoy the sip.

You get one extra zero toward the left to make it as fifteen thousandths. … .0001=ten thousandths place … it should be read as fifteen thousandth.

We hope the UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput help you. If you have any query regarding UP Board Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 8 Gulliver in Lilliput, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

UP Board Solutions for Class 9 English Prose Chapter 1 Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain) [Adapted]

UP Board Solutions for Class 10 English Prose Chapter 1 Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain) [Adapted]

These Solutions are part of UP Board Solutions for Class 9 English. Here we have given UP Board Solutions for Class 9 English Prose Chapter 1 Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain) [Adapted]

(A) PASSAGS FOR COMPREHENSION

The same goes for rounding to the nearest hundredth. Take the number 14.225 for example.

Read the following passages and answer the questions given below :

निम्नलिखित गद्यांशों को पढ़िए और नीचे दिये गये प्रश्नों के उत्तर दीजिए –


(a)
The old lady stood there thoughtfully. Suddenly she heard a sound behind her. She turned round quickly. There was Tom near the cupboard door. There was jam all round his mouth.
“What have you been doing?” Aunt Polly asked angrily. When Tom did not answer, she went on, “You’ve been stealing the jam again. Don’t tell me (UPBoardSolutions.com) that you haven’t. Haven’t I told you a hundred times to keep away from that cupboard? Where’s my stick”. Aunt Polly took her stick and raised it high. She was about to strike Tom hard.

UP Board Solutions

Question.
1. Write name of the lesson from which the above passage has been taken.
(उस पाठ का नाम लिखिए जिससे उपरोक्त गद्यांश लिया गया है।)
2. Why did she turn round quickly?
(वह शीघ्रता से पीछे क्यों मुड़े गयी?)
3. Where did she find him?
(उसने उसको कहाँ पाया?)
4. Why can’t she handle Tom easily?
(वह टॉम को सरलता से क्यों नहीं सुधार सकती?)
5. Which word in the passage means the same as at once?
(गद्यांश का कौन सा शब्द ‘एट वन्स’ को समानार्थी है?)
Answer:
1. The name of the lesson is ‘Toin Sawyer’.
(पाठ का नाम “टॉमें सायर” है।)
2. She turned quickly because she had heard a sound behind her.
(वह जल्दी से मुड़ी क्योंकि उसने पीछे से आवाज सुनी थी।)
3. She found Tom near the cupboard door.
(उसने टॉम को अलमारी के द्वार पर पाया।)
4. She can’t handle Tom easily because Tom is very clever.
(वह टॉम को सरलता से नहीं सुधार सकती क्योंकि टॉम बहुत चालाक है।)
5. at once (तुरन्त)-suddenly अचानक

(b) Aunt Polly looked behind her. This was Tom’s chance. He rushed out of the house. He climbed over the fence. Soon he was far away.
Aunt Potly as angry but she had to laugh. “He’s a bad boy”slue said to herself “But I love hint. He’s my poor dead sister’s boy and I must look after him. I don’t like to hit him but I have to. If I don’t punish him, he’ll grow up lazy and wicked. Yes, I must be strict.” Aunt Polly sighed. “I’ll have to punish him for stealing the jam. But how? I know, tomorrow is Saturday and there’s no school on Saturday’s. The boys have a holiday. But I’ll make Tom work. That will punish him.”

Question.
1. Write name of the lesson from which the above passage has been taken. Who is the author?
(उसे पाठ की नाम लिखिए जहाँ से उपरोक्त गद्यांश लिया गया है। इसको लेखक कौन है?)
2. Why did Tom’s aunt love him?
(टॉम की ऑण्टी उसे क्यों प्यार करती थी?)
3. Why did she have to punish Tom?
(उसे टॉम को क्यों दण्डित करना पड़ा?)
4. How did she decide to punish him?
(उसने उसे (टॉम को) कैसे दण्डित करने का निश्चय किया?)
5. Which words in the passage mean the same as took a deep breath, force?
(गद्यांश में ऐसे कौन से शब्द हैं जो ‘टुक ए डीप ब्रीथ’ तथा ‘फोर्स’ के समानार्थी हैं?)
Answer:
1. The name of the lesson is ‘Tom Sawyer’ and the author is Mark Twain.
(पाठ का नाम टॉम सायर है तथा लेखक मार्क ट्वेन हैं।)
2. Tom was her dead sister’s son. So, she loved him.
(टॉम उसकी मृत बहन का बेटा था, इसलिए वह उसे प्यार करती थी।)
3. She had to punish Tom so that he should not grow up lazy and wicked.
(उसे टॉम को इसलिए दण्डित करना पड़ा जिससे वह आलसी और मक्कार न हो।)
4. She decided to punish him by making him work on a holiday.
(उसने टॉम से छुट्टी के दिन काम करवा कर दण्डित करने का निश्चय किया।)
5. took a deep breath = sighed
(गहरी सांस ली)
force = make (बाध्य करना).

UP Board Solutions

(c) Tom came sadly out of the house. In one hand he held a long brush. In the other he carried a bucket which was full of whitewash. His aunt was making him whitewash the fence. Tom looked sadly at the fence. “How high it is! How long it is!” he thought. Indeed the height of the fence was nine (UPBoardSolutions.com) feet and its length was thirty yards. Tom put his brush into the whitewash. He drew it slowly across the fence. It made a very small white mark. Tom tried again. Another very small white mark. Tom sat down and sighed heavily.

Question.
1. Who is the author of the above passage?
(उपरोक्त गद्यांश के लेखक कौन है?)
2. Who made ‘Tom whitewash the fence and why?
(टॉम से चहारदीवारी पर सफेदी किसने करवायी और क्यों ?)
3. What was the height and length of the fence?
(चहारदीवारी की ऊँचाई और लम्बाई क्या थी?)
4. Why did Tom move the brush slowly?
(टॉम ब्रुश को धीरे-धीरे क्यों चलाता था?)
5. How many white marks did he make on the wall?
(उसने दीवार पर कितने सफेद निशान बनाये?)
6. Use the word ‘Indeed in a sentence of your own.
(‘इनडीड’ शब्द को अपने वाक्य में प्रयोग करो।)
Answer:
1. The author of the above passage is ‘Mark Twain’.
(उपरोक्त गद्यांश के लेखक मार्क ट्वेन हैं।)
2. Aunt Polly made Tom whitewash the fence for stealing jam.
(ऑण्टी पॉली ने मुरब्बा चुराने के कारण टॉम से चहारदीवारी पर सफेदी करवायी।)
3. The fence was nine feet high and thirty yards long.
(चहारदीवारी की ऊँचाई 9 फुट और लम्बाई 30 गज थी।)
4. Tom move the brush slowly because he was unwilling to do the work.
(टॉम ब्रुश को धीरे-धीरे चलाता था क्योंकि उस कार्य को करने में उसकी रुचि नहीं थी।)
5. He made only two white marks on the wall.
(उसने दीवार पर केवल दो सफेद निशान बनाये।)
6. A friend in need is friend indeed.
(वास्तव में आवश्यकता पड़ने पर काम आने वाला मित्र ही सच्चा मित्र होता है।)

(d) Slowly and unwillingly, Tom handed the brush to Ben. Ben worked hard. He soon grew hot but he went on working. Tom sat there, watching and eating Ben’s apple.
When Ben had done enough, other boys came along. At first they laughed at Tom, as Ben had done. But soon they were whitewashing the fence. Of course they had to pay Tom before he let them help him. They gave him their best things-twelve (UPBoardSolutions.com) marbles, a tin soldier, a key, a dog’s collar, the handle of a knife and four pieces of orange. Tom had an easy time. He did not work but soon the fence had three coats of whitewash on it.

Question.
1. ‘Slowly and unwillingly’-these words have been used to show the cleverness of Tom, how?
(‘स्लोली एवं अनविलिंगली ये शब्द टॉम की चतुराई को प्रदर्शित करने के लिए किस प्रकार प्रयोग किये गये हैं?)
2. What did Tom do while Ben worked?
(जब बेन काम कर रहा था तब टॉम क्या कर रहा था?)
3. What did he convince his friends of ?
(उसने अपने मित्रों को क्या विश्वास दिलाया?)
4. What were the things that Tom got from his friends?
(वे कौन सी वस्तुएँ थीं जो टॉम को अपने मित्रों से मिली?)
5. Who whitewashed the fence?
(चहारदीवारी की सफेदी किसने की?)
6. Which word in the above passage mean as same as ‘undoubtedly’?
(उपरोक्त गद्यांश में undoubtedly का समानार्थी शब्द बताइए।)
Answer:
1. Tom gave the brush slowly and unwillingly to show that he was leaving an interesting job for Ben.
(टॉम ने ब्रुश को धीरे से (Slowly) और बिना मन (unwillingly) को यह प्रदर्शित करने के लिए किया कि जैसे वह बेन के लिए एक रुचिकर काम छोड़ रहा है।)
2. Tom sat there watching and eating Ben’s apple while Ben worked.
(टॉम बैठकर देखता हुआ और बेन का सेब खाता रहा जबकि बेन काम कर रहा था।)
3. He convinced his friends that the work was very interesting. He told them that it was a play. He could not leave such an interesting work.
(उसने अपने मित्रों को यह विश्वास दिला दिया कि काम बड़ा ही रुचिकर था। उसने उन्हें बताया कि यह खेल था। वह इस प्रकार के रुचिकर कार्य को छोड़ नहीं पाया।)
4. He got twelve marbles, a tin soldier, a key, a dog’s collar, handle of a knife and four pieces of orange.
(टॉम को अपने मित्रों से बारह कंचे, एक टीन का सिपाही, एक चाभी, कुत्ते के गले की पट्टी, एक चाकू का हैंडिल और संतरे की चार फांक मिली।)
5. Ben and other friends of Tom whitewashed the fence.
(चहारदीवारी की सफेदी का कार्य बेन तथा टॉम के अन्य मित्रों ने किया।)
6. Undoubtedly = of course
(वास्तव में)

(e) Aunt Polly was fond of all kinds of medicine. She had a lot of books on this subject. Her newest idea was this-when a boy was ill, he must bathe in cold water every day. And so every morning she made Tom stand outside in the yard. Then she threw ice-cold water over him. After that, she wrapped him in a wet sheet and made him lie in bed. Tom did not get better. He gut worse. Aunt Polly tried a new idea. She threw hot water over him instead of cold. That did not help Tom either.

Question.
1. Write name of the lesson from which the above passage has been taken. Who is the author?
(उस पाठ का नाम लिखिए जहाँ से यह उपरोक्त गद्यांश लिया गया है। इसका लेखक कौन है ?)
2. Why was Aunt Polly trying the new ideas?
(आँण्टी पॉली नये विचारों को क्यों आजमा रही थी?)
3. How did Tom’s condition grow worse?
(टॉम की तबियत अधिक खराब कैसे हो गयी ?)
4. How did Aunt Polly get the new ideas?
(ऑण्टी पॉली को नये विचार कैसे मिले?)
5. Find words from the above passage which mean the same as ‘having a liking for’, ‘covered with’.
(उपरोक्त गद्यांश से उन शब्दों को खोजिये जो ‘हेविंग ए लाइकिंग फॉर’ तथा ‘क्वर्ड विथ’ के समानार्थी हैं।)
Answer:
1. The name of the lesson is ‘Tom Sawyer’ and the author is Mark Twain
(पाठ का नाम टॉम सायर हैं तथा लेखक मार्क ट्वेन हैं।)
2. Aunt Polly was trying the new ideas because
(ऑण्टी पॉली नये विचारों को आजमा रही थी क्योँकि)
(i) She was fond of new treatments and
(वह नये उपचारों की शौकीन थी और)
(ii) She wanted early recovery of Tom.
(वह टॉम को जल्दी स्वस्थ करना चाहती थी।
3. He was made to stand outside in the yard before giving cold hath. So his condition grew worse.
टॉम को ठंडे पानी से नहलाने से पहले उसे बाहर आंगन में खड़ा किया जाता था, इसलिए उसकी तबियत अधिक खराब हो गयी।
4. Aunt Polly got the new ideas by reading a lot of books on medicines,
ऑण्टी पॉली को दवाइयों पर बहुत सी पुस्तकें पढ़ने से नये विचार मिले। |
5. A liking for-fond of : शौकीन
Covered with-wrapped . लपेट दिया

(B) LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS AND THEIR ANSWERS

Answer the following questions in not more than 60 words each :

UP Board Solutions

Question 1.
How did Tom convince Ben that whitewashing was a great work?
टॉम ने बेन को कैसे विश्वास दिलाया कि सफेदी करना एक महान कार्य है?
Answer:
Tom was a clever boy. His aunt wanted to punish him for stealing jam. So she asked him to whitewash the fence on a holiday. Tom did not want to do so. He thought of a plan. He began to whitewash showing great interest in his work.
He saw a boy named Ben Rogers coming towards him. Tom ignored him.
Ben asked Tom why he was (UPBoardSolutions.com) working on a holiday. Tom said that whitewashing was not a work. It was fun. Ben did not believe him first. Yet, after sometimes, he begged Tom for a chance to whitewash a little. Tom took his apple in return.
Then other boys came one after the other. They came to laugh at him. Yet like Ben, all of them stayed and whitewashed the fence.

टॉम एक चतुर लड़का था। उसकी ऑण्टी उसे मुरब्बा चुराने के लिए दण्ड देना चाहती थी। इसलिए उसने उसे छुट्टी के दिन चहारदीवारी की सफेदी करने को कहा। टॉम ऐसा नहीं करना चाहता था। उसने एक उपाय सोचा। उसने अपने काम में बहुत अधिक रुचि दिखाते हुए सफेदी करना शुरू कर दिया।
उसने बेन रोजर्स नामक एक लड़के को अपनी ओर आते हुए देखा। टॉम ने उसकी उपेक्षा कर दी।
बेन ने टॉम से पूछा कि वह छुट्टी के दिन (UPBoardSolutions.com) काम क्यों कर रहा है। टॉम ने कहा कि सफेदी करना कोई काम नहीं है। यह एक मजेदार खेल है। बेन ने पहले उस पर विश्वास नहीं किया। फिर भी कुछ समय बाद उसने टॉम से थोड़ी-सी सफेदी करने के लिए अवसर देने का अनुरोध किया। टॉम ने बदले में उसका सेब ले लिया।
तब एक के बाद एक दूसरे लड़के आये। वे उसकी हँसी उड़ाने आये थे किन्तु बेन की तरह वे सब वहाँ रूके और चहारदीवारी की सफेदी की।

Question 2.
Tom was not well. His aunt decided to give him the bath treatment. Describe this treatment. What was its effect on Tom?
टॉम का स्वास्थ्य ठीक नहीं था। उसकी आँण्टी ने उसे स्नान-इलाज करने का निश्चय किया। इस उपचार का वर्णन करो। इसका टॉम पर क्या प्रभाव पड़ा?
Answer:
Tom was not feeling well. He could not sleep as well as he used to. He could not eat properly. Sometimes he did not like to play. He was unhappy.
Aunt Polly thought him ill. So she decided to give him some medicine. Her new idea about the medicine was that he must bath in cold water every day. Therefore, she made Tom stand outside in the yeard every morning and threw ice-cold water over him. After that she wrapped him in a wet sheet and made him lie in bed. But Tom did not get better. He got worse. Aunt Polly tried a new idea and threw hot water instead of cold water. It could also not affect Tom.

टॉम का स्वास्थ्य ठीक नहीं था। वह उतनी गहरी नींद नहीं सो सकता था जितनी प्रायः सोया करता था। वह ठीक से खाना नहीं खा पाता था। कभी-कभी वह खेलना भी पसन्द नहीं करता था। वह उदास था।
ऑण्टी पॉली ने उसे बीमार समझा। इसलिए उसने टॉम को कुछ दवा देने का निश्चय किया। दवा के बारे में उसका नया विचार यह था कि यह प्रतिदिन ठण्डे पानी में (UPBoardSolutions.com) स्नान करे। इसलिए वह टॉम को प्रतिदिन सुबह आंगन में बाहर खड़ा करती थी और उसके ऊपर बर्फ जैसा ठंडा पानी डालती थी। उसके बाद वह उसे गीले कपड़े में लपेटती थी और उसे बिस्तर में लिटा देती थी। किन्तु टॉम ठीक नहीं हुआ। उसका स्वास्थ्य और खराब हो गया। ऑण्टी पॉली ने एक नया विचार आजमाया और उसने उसके ऊपर ठण्डे पानी के बजाय गर्म पानी डाला। इसका भी टॉम पर कोई प्रभाव नहीं पड़ा।

Question 3.
How did Tom get rid of taking the pain-killer?
टॉम को दर्दनाशक दवा लेने से कैसे छुटकारा मिला?
Answer:
Tom was not feeling well. So his aunt gave him the bath treatment, but it proved in vain. So she decided to give him pain-killer. It had the taste of fire. Aunt Polly made Tom drink three spoonful after each meal. Tom did not like it. So he threw the medicine into a hole in the floor. One day Tom poured some of the medicine into the mouth of a cat. At once it jumped high and high into the air. It started dancing on its back legs and behaved (UPBoardSolutions.com) as if it were mad. Tom laughed loudly. Aunt Polly heard the noise and came there. She asked him what the matter was. He pointed out towards the cat and laughed. Aunt Polly saw the bottle of pain-killer, the spoon and a saucer. She guessed the truth and told Tom not to take the medicine any more. Thus he got rid of taking the pain-killer.

टॉम का स्वास्थ्य ठीक नहीं था इसलिए उसकी ऑण्टी ने स्नान के द्वारा उसका इलाज किया किन्तु यह व्यर्थ सिद्ध हुआ। इसलिए उसने उसे दर्दनाशक दवा देने का निश्चय किया। दवा का स्वाद आग की तरह तीखा था। ऑण्टी पॉली प्रत्येक भोजन के बाद उसे तीन चम्मच पिलाती थी। टॉम को यह पसन्द नहीं थी। इसलिए उसने दवा को फर्श में स्थित एक बिल में डाल दिया। एक दिन टॉम ने कुछ दवा एक बिल्ली के मुँह में उड़ेल दी। तुरन्त ही वह हवा में खूब ऊँची उछलने लगी। उसने अपनी पिछली टाँगों पर नाचना प्रारम्भ कर दिया। (UPBoardSolutions.com) वह ऐसा व्यवहार करने लगी मानो वह पागल हो। टॉम जोर से हँसता रहा। ऑण्टी पॉली ने आवाज सुनी और वहाँ आयी। उसने टॉम से पूछा कि क्या मामला है? उसने बिल्ली की ओर इशारा कर दिया और हँसने लगा। ऑण्टी पॉली ने दर्दनाशक दवा की बोतल, चम्मच तथा तश्तरी को देखा। उसने सच्चाई का अनुमान लगा लिया। और टॉम को फिर दवा न लेने के लिए कह दिया। इस प्रकार टॉम को दर्दनाशक दवा से छुटकारा मिल गया।

(C) SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS AND THEIR ANSWERS

Answer the following questions in not more than 25 words each :

Question 1.
Tom did not answer when his aunt called out to him. Where was he? What was he doing?
जब ऑण्टी ने टॉम को पुकारा तो उसने कोई उत्तर नहीं दिया। वह कहाँ था? वह क्या कर रहा था?
Answer:
When Aunt Polly called out to him, he did not answer. He was near the cupboard. He had stolen jam and was eating it. His mouth was full of it.

जब ऑप्टी पॉली ने टॉम को पुकारा तो उसने कोई उत्तर नहीं दिया। वह अलमारी के पास था। उसने मुरब्बा चुरा लिया था और उसे खा रहा था। उसका मुँह उससे भरा हुआ था।

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Question 2.
“Look behind you, Auntie” shouted Tom. Why did Tom say so?
टॉम चिल्लाया “आँण्टी अपने पीछे देखो।” टॉम ने ऐसा क्यों कहा?
Answer:
There was nothing behind Auntie. In fact, Tom was a clever boy. He spoke this sentence to play a trick on Aunt Polly. He had stolen jam. It was his mistake. He knew that the stick in Aunt Polly’s hand was for him. He also knew that she was angry. She would beat him with the stick. This sentence made Aunt Polly look behind. And, Tom got a chance to run away from there. He jumped over the fence and saved himself from his aunt.

ऑण्टी के पीछे कुछ नहीं था। वास्तव में टॉम एक चतुर लड़का था। उसने ऑण्टी पॉली को झाँसा देने के लिए यह वाक्य कहा। उसने मुरब्बा चुरा लिया था। यह उसकी (UPBoardSolutions.com) गलती थी। वह जानता था कि ऑण्टी पॉली के हाथ में छड़ी उसके लिए ही है। वह यह भी जानता था कि वह उससे नाराज हैं और छड़ी से उसे पीटेगी। इस वाक्य के कारण आँण्टी पॉली पीछे देखने लगीं और टॉम को वहाँ से भागने का अवसर मिल गया। वह चहारदीवारी फांद गया और अपनी आँण्टी से अपने को बचा लिया।

Question 3.
Why was it necessary to punish Tom? How did Aunt Polly punish him?
टॉम को दण्ड देना आवश्यक क्यों था? ऑण्टी पॉली ने टॉम को किस प्रकार दण्डित किया?
Answer:
Tom was a naughty boy. Aunt Polly looked after him after her sister’s death. She did not want him to grow up lazy and wicked. He had stolen jam, so she decided to punish him. The next day was Saturday, a holiday. But she made him work. She asked him to whitewash the fence. It was a punishment for him.

टॉम एक शरारती लड़का था। ऑण्टी पॉली अपनी बहन की मृत्यु के बाद उसकी देखभाल करती थी। वह नहीं चाहती थी कि टॉम बड़ा होकर आलसी और दुष्ट हो जाय। उसने मुरब्बा चुरा लिया था। इसलिए उसने उसे दण्ड देने का निश्चय किया। अगला दिन शनिवार अवकाश का दिन था किन्तु उसने उससे काम करवाया। उसने उससे चहारदीवारी की सफेदी करने को कहा। यह उसके लिए एक दण्ड था।

Question 4.
What was Tom doing when Ben was whitewashing the fence?
जब बेन चहारदीवारी की सफेदी कर रहा था तब टॉम क्या कर रहा था?
Answer:
When Ben was whitewashing the fence. Tom sat there, watching and eating an apple given by Ben.
जब बेन चहारदीवारी की सफेदी कर रहा था तब टॉम वहाँ देखते हुए बैठा था तथा बेन द्वारा दिये गये सेब को खा रहा था।

Question 5.
What did Tom get from his friends for let them whitewash?
टॉम को उसके मित्रों को सफेदी करने देने के लिए क्या मिला?
Answer:
Tom got the best things from his friends. He got ar apple from Ben. From other boys he got twelve marbles, a tin soldier, a key, a dog’s collar. the handle of a knife and four pieces of orange.

टॉम को उसके मित्रों से सबसे अच्छी चीजें मिलीं। उसे बेन ने एक सेब मिला। दूसरे लड़कों से उसे बारह कंचे, एक टोन का सिपाही, एक चाभी, कुत्ते के गले की पट्टी, एक चाकू का हैंडिल और सन्तरे की चार फांकें मिलीं।

Question 6.
Why did Tom not like the pain-killer? Whom did he rive it to?
टॉम दर्दनाशक क्यों पसन्द नहीं करता था? उसने रूस किसको दिया?
Answer:
The pain-killer was a new medicilie. It had the taste of Ste. So he did not like it. He gave it to a cit.

दर्दनाशक एक नई दवा था। उसका स्वाद आग की तरह था। इसलिए वह इसे पसन्द नहीं करता था। उसने इसे एक दिल्ली को दे दिया।

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Question 7.
What effect did the pain-killers have on the cat?
दर्दनाशक का बिल्ली के ऊपर क्या प्रभाव पड़ा?
Answer:
When Tom poured some of the medicine into the mouth of a cat, it jumped high and high into the air. It started dancing on its back legs. It ran about as if it were mad.

जब टॉम ने कुछ दवा बिल्ली के मुँह में उड़ेल दी तब वह हवा में ऊँ और ऊचे उछल पड़ी। उसने अपने पिछला दिया टांगो पर नाचना प्रारम्भ कर दिए। वह इधर-उधर दौड़ने लगी मानो पागल हो गयी हो।

Question 8.
Tom did not have the pain-killer but his atunt was not angry with him. Why?
टॉम ने दर्दनाशक नहीं लिया कि उसकी आँटी उससे क्रोधि नहीं थी। क्यों?
Answer:
Tom did not have the pain-killer. He gave it to a cat. It began to jump and dance. This made Tom laugh. His aunt saw the bottle, the spoon and a saucer. She guessed the matter. She thought that the medicine was not good for himn. So she was not angry with him.

टॉम ने दर्दनाशक नहीं लिया। उसने इसे एक बिल्ली को दे दिया। वह उछलने तथा नाचने लगी। इससे टॉम को हंसी आ गयी। उपकी आँण्टी ने बोतल, चम्मच और एक (UPBoardSolutions.com) तश्तरी को देखा। उसने मामले का अनुमान लगा लिया। उसने सोचा कि दवा उसके लिए अच्छी नहीं है। इसलिए वह उससे नाराज नहीं हुई।

(D) Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Complete the following statements with the most suitable choice :
सबसे उपयुक्त विकल्प चुनकर निम्नलिखित कथनों को पूरी कीजिए :
(i) When Aunt Polly looked behind her, Tom :
(a) rushed out of the house
(b) sat silently in the house
(c) began to cay
(d) started weeping

(ii) Tom was her :
(a) brother’s son
(b) sister’s son
(c) own son
(d) father’s son.

(iii) Tom was :
(a) lazy
(b) naughty
(c) foolish
(d) coward

Answer:
(i) (a) rushed out of the house.
(ii) (b) sister’s son.
(ii) (b) naughty.

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Question 2.
Point out the ‘true’ and ‘false’ statements in the following :
निम्नलिखित कथनों में ‘सत्य’ और ‘असत्य’ बताइये :
(i) Tom’s parents are dead.
(ii) He is always up to some mischiefs.
(iii) Aunt Polly never wanted to punish Tom.
(iv) Aunt Polly always loved Tom.
(v) Tom was not very clever.
Answer:
(i) T
(ii) T
(iii) F
(iv) T
(v) F

(E) VOCABULARY

Question 1.
Match the words given under Column’A’ with the meanings given under Column ‘B’ below :
नीचे दिये गये सूची ‘अ’ के शब्दों की सूची ‘ब’ के अर्थों से मिलान कीजिए :
UP Board Solutions for Class 9 English Prose Chapter 1 Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain) [Adapted] image 1
Answer:
UP Board Solutions for Class 9 English Prose Chapter 1 Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain) [Adapted] image 2

Question 2.
Find out the words from the text which have the following meanings. The first letter of cach word is given as a hint :
पाठ से उन शब्दों का पता लगाइये जिनके अर्थ निम्नवत् हैं। प्रत्येक शब्द का पहला अक्षर संकेत के रूप में दिया हुआ है।
(a) A wall or hedge for keeping out intruders. (F…..)
(b) To draw a deep audible breath to express grief. (S…..)
(c) A vessel for carrying liquids. (B…..)
(d) To cause a person to suffer for fault or guilt. (P…..)
(e) Surrounded open space. (Y…..)
(f) To take something without one’s knowledge. (S…..)
Answer:
(a) Fence
(b) Sighed
(c) Bucket
(d) Punishment
(e) Yard
(f) Steal.

Question 3.
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words given below :
नीचे दिये गये शब्दों की सहायता से निम्नलिखिते वाक्यों में रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए :
plan (योजना ),
pretended (बहाना किया) : thoughtfully ( विचारपूर्वक);
wicked (दुष्ट);
expected (आशा किया );
guessed (अनुमान लगाया).
(a) The old man sat ………………….. on the bench.
(b) ……………….. boys must be punished.
(c) We must think of a better
(d) My friend …………………. not to see me.
(e) When he faltered in his speech, I ……………. the truth.
(f) ………………. my father to be very much pleased with the news,
Answer:
(a) thoughtfully
(b) wicked
(c) plan
(d) pretended
(e) guessed
(f) expected.

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Question 4.
Give the opposite words of the following :
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के विलोम शब्द लिखिए
hard; dead; long; better; give; never. now; careful.
Answer:
UP Board Solutions for Class 9 English Prose Chapter 1 Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain) [Adapted] image 3

Question 5.
Give the synonyms of the following words :
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के समानार्थी शब्द लिखिए-
surprise; promise: lazy; enough; strict.
Answer:
UP Board Solutions for Class 9 English Prose Chapter 1 Tom Sawyer (Mark Twain) [Adapted] image 4

Question 6.
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences choosing the correct phrase. Use the phrase in the correct tense.
सही मुहावरें चुनकर नीचे लिखे निम्नलिखित वाक्यों में रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए। मुहावरों का सही रूप में प्रयोग कीजिए।

keep away from ( दुर रखना);
pick up (उठाना);
take out (निकालना);
go on with (जारी रखना) );
turn around (मु्ड. जाना);
rush out (भागना).

(a) Everyone ………………… of their homes when they felt the earth tremors.
(b) Good boys ………………….. bad company.
(c) When the two friends, heard a noise from behind, they ………………….. to see what it was.
(d). ….. all the pieces of paper lying on the iloor.
(e) The band was playing. But Rekha ………………….. her studies.
(f) He ………………….. his purse and gave ten rupees to the taxi driver.
Answer:
(a) rushed out
(b) keep away from
(c) turned around
(d) pick up
(e) went on with
(f) took out

WORKSHEET-1

Question 1.
We often do certain things because they are necessary. Have to or has to is used to express necessity and obligation. To express necessity or obligation in the past, we use had to.

हम प्रायः कुछ कार्य करते हैं क्योंकि वे आवश्यक होते हैं। ‘have to’ या ‘has to’ का प्रयोग आवश्यकता
और कृतज्ञता व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है। भूतकाल में आवश्यकता या कृतज्ञता व्यक्त करने के लिए हम ‘had to’ का प्रयोग करते हैं।

Examples :
I would like to have a buth first. I am hot and tired.
Kanti has to reach the bus stop by 9 a.m.
There were no huses in the town when my father was young So every day he had to walk three miles to school.

Now do the following exercise using have to, has to or had to as required :

(a) Aunt Polly was angry, but she ……… laugh.
(b) I do not like to punish him but I will …………………. punish him for stealing the jam.
(c) Tom ………………….. drink the pain killer.
(d) A farmer ………………… work hard in his fields.
(e) I ……………….. cash a cheque.
(f) She …………………… stay at home and help her mother.
Answer:
(a) had to
(b) have to
(c) had to
(d) has to
(e) have to
(f) has to

UP Board Solutions

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks with the suitable modals in the following sentences :
उपयुक्त मॉडल्स (Modals) की सहायता से निम्नलिखित वाक्यों में रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए

should; would; must; mustn’t.
(a) This is a first class compartment and you have a second class ticket. So you ………. sit here.
(b) …………………. you mind giving me a lift upto Civil Lines?
(c) We ………………….. obey our elders.
(d) Half yearly examination are near. So you …………………. revise your course.
Answer:
(a) must not
(b) would
(c) should
(d) must.

Question 3.
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences choosing the correct word :
सही शब्द चुनकर नीचे लिखे निम्नलिखित वाक्यों में रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए

heartily (हार्दिक); unwillingly (बिना मन के); quietly(शान्तिपूर्वक); promised(वादा किया); idea (विचार)

(a) Tom started painting the fence …………….. as he wanted to play.
(b) He left his home …………. in the darkness of night.
(c) Everyone cheered Virendra Sehwag …………………… when he scored a century
(d) He thought and thought. Soon he had an ……..
(e) His father ………………… him a cycle if he stood first in the examination.
Answer:
(a) unwillingly
(b) quietly
(c) heartily
(d) idea
(e) promised.

Question 4.
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences choosing the correct phrase. Use the phrase in the correct tense.
सही मुहावरे चुनकर नीचे लिखे निम्नलिखित वाक्यों में रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए।

to look at (देखना ); to look up (देखना ); to look after (देखभाल करना), to look behind (पीछे देखना ); to look for (तलाश करना)

(a) I am …. a better job.
(b) The thief ……………….. him and saw many people chasing him.
(c) To know the correct meanings of a word you should …………………. a dictionary.
(d) As Mrs. Sharma has gone to the bazaar, Rani is …………………. her baby.
(e) Do not ………………….. the sun directly when there is a solar eclipse; it may harm your eyes.
Answer:
(a) to look for
(b) to looked behind
(c) to look up
(d) to looking after
(e) to look at.

Question 5.
Complete the spellings of the following words :
नीचे लिखे निम्नलिखित शब्दों की वर्तनियों (spellings) को पूरा कीजिए

f – e – h;
re- e – t;
me- ici- e;
w–p, st–t,
l- v- ly
Answer:
fresh, reject, medicine, weep, start, lovely

UP Board Solutions

Question 6.
Use each of the following pairs of words in your own sentences so as to make the differences of their meanings clear :
नीचे लिखे हुए शब्दों के निम्नलिखित जोड़ों (शब्द-युग्मों) को अपने वाक्यों में इस प्रकार प्रयोग कीजिए कि उनके उत्तर स्पष्ट हो जायें

tell (कहना), tale (कहानी); peace (शान्ति), piece (टुकड़ा); hear (सुनना), here (यहाँ); sun (सुर्य), son (पुत्र); their (उनका), there (वहाँ)

  1. Tell – He does not tell a lie.
  2. Tale – He told me a nice tale.
  3. Peace – Everyone desires peace.
  4. Piece – He has a piece of bread in his hand.
  5. Hear – I heard some sound coming from outside.
  6. Here – He came here yesterday.
  7. Sun – The Sun rises in the east.
  8. Son – I am worthy son of my father.
  9. Their – They were going to school with their friends.
  10. There – There are five students in the class.

Question 7.
Give the antonyms of the following words :
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के विलोम शब्द लिखिए

angry (क्रोधित),
lazy (आलसी),
shut (बंद करना),
careful (सावधान),
easy (आसान)
Answer:
angry-happy
lazy–smart
shut-open
careful-careless
easy-difficult

Question 8.
Give the synonyms of the following words :
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के समानार्थी शब्द लिखिए

path (रास्ता),
spoil (नष्ट करना);
chance (अवसर),
expected (आशा किया)
Answer:
path-way
spoil-ruin
chance-opportunity
expected-hoped

Question 9.
Say, ‘whether the following statements are ‘true’ or ‘false’ :
बताइये कि निम्नलिखित कथन ‘सत्य है अथवा ‘असत्य’

(a) Aurt Polly beat Tom for being mischievous.
(b) Aunt Polly asked Tom to whitewash the fence on a holiday.
(c) Tom did not want Ben to whitewash the fence.
(d) Tom alone whitewashed the fence.
(e) Aunt Polly said to Tom – “You need not take the pain-killer any more.”
Answer:
(a) F
(b) T
(c) F
(d) F
(e) T.

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